This topic guide presents an overview of land corruption in rural and urban areas. It looks at the social costs of corruption in land governance and pays attention to the forms that corruption takes at different levels of land governance. It then presents different ways in which land corruption is being counteracted, based on successful experiences from all around the world with concrete ideas to fight land corruption. Finally, it compiles a list of resources to learn more about the topic.
This report reviews the idea of inclusiveness in agricultural investments and analyses what ‘inclusiveness’ means to different value chain actors. It proposes an approach that looks at the key features of value chain relationships (around selected five pillars of inclusive business) and enables the evaluation of inclusiveness within different examples of businesses, to allow for more nuanced recommendations on how to enhance inclusiveness.
This study provides a case study of the mango value chain in Kenya and seeks to better understand key linkages between land rights and project outcomes. It explores (1) whether and how land rights for Kenya’s mango farmers affect project uptake and success; and (2) what (if any) are this project’s unintended consequences on land tenure in implementation areas.
This publication is designed to help companies understand the need for enhanced transparency around land-related impacts and the importance of respecting the land tenure rights of local communities. It offers insights into what land-related sustainability information stakeholders are interested.
The Landassess Tool is a risk assessment and management framework. It provides a clear and simple set of checklists that generate a report to help companies assess and manage how they respect land rights.
Landscope is a system for measuring tenure risk, a term created to describe the financial risk associated with local opposition to a real asset. This kind of opposition to investments is very common across Africa, Asia and Latin America, often causing significant financial losses and operational headaches. It applies a new approach to analysing geospatial data about social, environmental and political issues that is designed to help companies and investors in emerging and frontier markets to prepare a proper assessment of tenure risk at project, supply chain or portfolio level.
This report explains TMP Systems’ statistical analysis of how geospatial data showing indicators of local environmental, social and governance (ESG) conditions correlate with tenure risk. The results indicate strong enough correlations between some of these indicators and tenure risk, to support use of the indicators by companies and investors. This work underpins something new and useful, which is Landscope’s ability to provide location-specific risk assessments across many developing countries.
This paper provides guidance on how to integrate consultation and FPIC principles into investor-state contract negotiations to actively involve project-affected communities and better safeguard their land rights and human rights. It proposes various options that may be appropriate, depending on the local context and the community’s resources and decision-making structures.
This primer on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) offers a brief explanation of what M&E is, why it is important and what common best practices are associated with it, all in the context of supporting the implementation of a socially responsible land-based investment. It also includes specific guidance on how to develop and execute an effective M&E plan for the implementation of an investment.
This guidance aims to provide companies with an overview of the links between land and human rights enshrined in these agreements and in official statements issued by treaty monitoring bodies. While it focuses on Ghana with a non-exhaustive examination its human rights obligations with an overview of the most significant agreements pertaining to land-based investments, it will be useful for companies working in other countries because the agreements presented have been ratified and signed by a large number of countries.