Resources for Conflict resolution
This note is part of the RAI Knowledge into Action Notes series and provides guidance on how to ensure that agricultural investments respect existing land rights, both formal and informal, and thereby avert land disputes.
This note is for private sector project implementers and financers (development finance institutions, international development agencies, commercial lenders and equity investors) seeking to invest responsibly in new greenfield sites in low and middle- income countries. It aims to provide practical guidance on identifying and addressing community land conflicts to prevent them escalating into disputes between the project and local communities.
This guide and its practical tools help companies:
• Recognise and respect that Indigenous Peoples have distinct rights and interests
• Understand that through law and/or custom, Indigenous People often have a special relationship to the land, territories and resources
• Utilise forms of engagements that are sensitive to cultural characteristics eg governance structures, interaction and decision making
This document provides guidances on how businesses can respect legitimate tenure rights and human rights in their land-based investments. It
• translates principles of responsible land governance and tenure (see the VGGT) into practical mechanisms, processes and actions,
• gives examples of good practice – what has worked, where, why and how, and
• provides useful tools for activities such as the design of policy and reform processes, for the design of investment projects and for guiding interventions.
This guide is inteded for practitioners who are confronted with land conflicts in the course of their work or are in a position to prevent them and/or include land governance as one pillar in their policies. It aims to broaden the understanding of the complexity of causes that lead to land conflicts in order to provide for better-targeted ways of addressing such conflicts, and provides a number of tools with which to analyse land disputes. In addition, this guidebook discusses a wide variety of options and tools for settling ongoing land conflicts and for preventing new ones.